What is an Environmental Impact Assessment?

EIA, acronym for Environmental Impact Assessment, is a procedure carried out by public administrations and it’s a technical-administrative act that ascertains the environmental compatibility of a construction to be built on a specific area.
The assessment is performed on the basis of an EIS, Environmental Impact Study, provided by the project proposer, which informs the authorities about the impact that the work will have on the environment.

Public and private projects to be developed in protected natural areas or involving a significant environmental impact are submitted to EIA, e.g. thermal power plants, chemical plants, dams, railways, road infrastructures, etc.